Heart Disease in Men

Heart disease is an umbrella term for several heart conditions, including coronary artery disease and heart attack. Let’s find out the signs and symptoms specific to men’s heart disease for early detection and treatment.

Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease in Men

While some men might experience no symptoms at all, here are some common signs and symptoms of heart disease in men to be aware of:

  • Chest pain or discomfort: This is often described as a squeezing, pressure, or tightness in the chest. It can also radiate to the shoulders, arms, jaw, neck, or back.
  • Shortness of breath: This can occur at rest or during exertion.
  • Pain in the arm, jaw, or shoulder: This pain can sometimes be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn.
  • Fatigue: This can be a general feeling of tiredness or lack of energy and is occasionally a non-specific sign of heart problems.
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness: This can be a sign that the heart is not pumping blood effectively to the brain.
  • Sweating: This can be a sign of a heart attack, especially if it is accompanied by other symptoms.
  • Swollen legs or ankles: This can be a sign of heart failure, a condition in which the heart is not able to pump blood effectively. The blood instead starts to pool.

Risk Factors for Heart Disease in Men

There are several factors that can raise a man’s risk of heart disease. Some of the most typical ones include:

Ways to Take Care of Your Heart

The good news is that there are many ways to reduce their risk of heart disease and live a longer, healthier life:

Heart disease is a serious health condition, but it is preventable. By making healthy lifestyle choices and managing your risk factors, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing heart disease. Don’t wait till you have a heart attack to take action. Start taking care of your heart today!

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22499900/
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4615-3712-0_9
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11208620/
  4. https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/fitness/fitness-basics/aha-recs-for-physical-activity-in-adults
  5. https://www.moh.gov.sg/news-highlights/details/alcohol-recommended-limits-and-public-education
  6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29206050/

Health Conditions Men Should Watch Out For

In our fast-paced lifestyle, it causes us to often neglect our health. But staying informed is essential! Here are some health conditions every man should watch out for.

1. Heart Disease

Heart disease remains the leading cause of death among men.In Singapore, it is the second leading cause of death among men, accounting for 19.7% of total male deaths in 2022 (1). Factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking significantly increase your risk.

Maintaining heart health involves:

  • Regular exercise with cardio activities such as brisk walking, jogging or cycling
  • A balanced diet with less sugar and salt intake, more leafy greens and healthy fats.
  • Routine check-ups

Early detection is key to mitigating these risks! Being proactive can help you live a longer, more energetic life and have a healthy heart.

2. Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. From 2017 to 2021, there were 6,912 reported cases of prostate cancer, accounting for 16.8% of all male cancer cases (2). It’s vital to understand the symptoms, which include difficulty urinating, blood in urine, and pelvic discomfort.

To stay proactive:

  • Schedule annual screenings for a comprehensive health check
  • Staying informed about your family history

These steps can significantly increase early detection and successful treatment rates. If you face any discomfort or symptoms, seek help from your healthcare provider immediately.

3. Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is on the rise, affecting millions of men worldwide. About one in 10 (9.5%) of Singapore residents aged 18 to 74 years had diabetes mellitus during the period 2019-2020. A higher proportion of males (10.6%) were diabetic compared to females (8.4%) (3).

 It’s essential to watch for symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss.

Managing and preventing diabetes involves:

  • Having a proper diet to adopt a healthy lifestyle
  • Include regular exercise to your daily routine, like taking the stairs or doing household chores

By consistently following your health plan, individuals can effectively prevent or better manage this condition.

Taking proactive steps towards a healthier lifestyle can make a significant difference. Stay informed, get regular check-ups, and don’t ignore symptoms. Addressing these health concerns early can lead to better outcomes and a higher quality of life.

References

  1. https://www.moh.gov.sg/docs/librariesprovider5/default-document-library/nphs-2020-survey-report.pdf
  2. Cancer Statistics (nccs.com.sg)
  3. Singapore Health Facts: Principal Causes of Death