Facts about Diabetes Mellitus: Key Information for Health-Conscious Individuals

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic condition that affects how your body utilises blood sugar (glucose) for energy. It’s a prevalent health issue in Singapore. Uncontrolled, it can lead to a cascade of complications that significantly impact your health and well-being.

While there are multiple types, the common ones in Singapore are Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Understanding the Different Types of DM

While there are multiple types, the common ones in Singapore are Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes.

  • Type 1 DM: The body’s immune system attacks insulin-producing cells, resulting in insufficient insulin production.
  • Type 2 DM: The body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or becomes resistant to its effects, leading to high blood sugar levels.
  • Gestational DM: Develops during pregnancy.

Recognising the Risk Factors

Several factors can increase your risk of developing diabetes, including:

  • Genetics: Family history
  • Ethnicity: Certain ethnicities, like Asians and Indians, are at higher risk.
  • Unhealthy diet: Consuming sugary drinks, processed foods and excessive carbohydrates can contribute to diabetes.
  • Physical inactivity: Lack of regular exercise can elevate your risk.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese significantly increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Being Aware of the Symptoms

Some symptoms of DM and/or its complications include:

  • Excessive thirst and urination
  • Feeling more hungry
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow-healing wounds

Complications

Uncontrolled diabetes can cause disturbances in other various body systems:

  • Heart disease and stroke: DM increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular issues.
  • Kidney disease: DM can harm your kidneys, leading to chronic kidney disease and even kidney failure.
  • Nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy): Damage to the nerves which causes problems like numbness and tingling.
  • Vision problems: Diabetes can damage delicate structures in your eye, like the retina, thereby causing visual problems.
  • Foot problems: Diabetic neuropathy and poor circulation can increase the risk of foot infections, ulcers and even amputations.

Taking Control of Your Health

Early diagnosis and proper management are crucial to preventing DM complications like heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and nerve damage. Here are some key aspects of diabetes management: 

  • Health screening
  • Regular blood sugar monitoring: Regularly checking your blood sugar levels helps you track your progress and make necessary adjustments to your diet or medication.
  • Healthy eating
  • Regular physical activity
  • Medication adherence: If prescribed medication, take it as directed by your doctor to manage your blood sugar levels effectively.
  • Weight management

By understanding diabetes, its types, risks and management strategies, health-conscious individuals in Singapore can take control of their health and well-being. Remember, early diagnosis, proper management and a healthy lifestyle are key to living a fulfilling life with diabetes.

Take the first step towards a healthier, happier, and more productive future for your company. Contact MHC Asia today! Please chat with us through WhatsApp for more information.

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